A group of Irish councilors, campaigners, officials and engineers visited the Netherlands on a cycling study tour between September 15-18, today we publish the third of a number of personal perspectives from that group in a mini-series which aims to capture what people from different backgrounds brought home:
Eugene Doran of the Dublin Cycling Campaign writes:
I was one of the fortunate people who chose to go on a cycling fact-finding trip to the Utrecht area of the Netherlands organised by irishcycle.com in September. The trip was thought-provoking, enjoyable and inspiring (in showing what can be achieved) and a little depressing (in showing how far we have to go). Below are my personal observations.
In the Netherlands, you quickly realize that it’s not all about cycling. It’s about creating a living environment that works well for it’s citizens. For instance, a constant message from Dutch officials was – If it doesn’t work for children, we haven’t yet succeed; we’ll have to refine it. Yes, they love their cycling but they also love their cars, their public transport and their environment. And they are pragmatic (and consumerist) enough to realize that commerce must be catered for; great infrastructure requires the funding from thriving business. So they constantly strive to get the balance right.
Do they succeed? Yes, they do. But not necessarily on the first attempt. A constant refrain is – “Yes, we have that problem too. We didn’t know how to solve it so we’ve been trying several approaches. Somethings haven’t worked and we had to refine them. We experiment. We improve things by trying them. And we’re doing it gradually.” This willingness and ability to experiment, to evolve new solutions that get the balance right is, I think, why they’re at the forefront of cycling – and urban planning – development. In summary:
- Try a variety of approaches because the benefits and pitfalls cannot be accurately predicted beforehand. These trials sometimes don’t work as intended. Then you’ll have to modify or evolve a different solution
- One-size-fits-all is rarely a full solution. There has to be adaptability to particular circumstances. They tend to use guidelines rather than overly prescriptive regulations. For instance, they use segregated cycle paths in some instances and well designed shared thoroughfares in others. In the latter, it is usually made clear to motorists that they are “guests” in an area where cyclists have priority by using surface colouring, speed ramps and signage.
- Officials acknowledged that they don’t have the power to impose solutions. Extensive negotiations with stakeholders is always required and, ultimately, political will is essential. It is often useful that politicians are, themselves, urban cyclists (not simply sports cyclists).
- For retailers, cyclists are customers – a bicycle is a two wheeled shopping trolley. Cyclists may spend less per visit but shop more frequently than motorists. They also support local businesses.
- Dutch people (unlike some of their neighbors, it was inferred!) will not obey regulations that don’t make sense to them. Officials try not to enact unenforceable regulations. If regulations are constantly flouted, they tend to investigate rather than seek to enforce. The answer often lies in better design – often entailing little cost.
- Investing in really good bicycle parking is worthwhile. Utrecht are currently building the biggest bike-park in the world for 12,500 bikes.
- It’s not all about infrastructure. A major element of the success of cycling in the Netherlands stems from children coming to cycling at a young age – they learn from their parents and at school. But parents must feel that it’s safe to allow their children to cycle
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