— A crossing angle of at least 60 degrees and closer to 90 degrees reduces risk of falls.
People cycling are often forced into situations where they have little alternative than to cross tram tracks at shallow angles which increases the risk of calls, researchers in Dublin have found.
The research using hours of video footage where people cycling across tram tracks found that roughly 3 in every 1,000 cyclists faced issues relating to the tram tracks.
Nearby or passing vehicles, including other bicycles, and the road layout were found to be contributing factors in falls on the tram tracks.
“Visual assessment of the footage across the city highlighted that most unsuccessful crossings involved obstacles that limited crossing angle, ie kerbs or nearby/passing vehicles/other cyclists. Many cases involved passing/nearby vehicles, aligning with international findings that traffic pressure contributes to many falls on tram tracks,” they wrote in an RTÉ Brainstorm article.
RTÉ Brainstorm is a regular feature on RTE.ie which is described as where the academic and research community can contribute to public debate. The full research paper is due to be published in the Journal of Safety Research.
The authors wrote: “Our findings support guidelines from the recently revised Cycle Design Manual, that infrastructural planners should aim for intuitive, self-explainable road layouts that allow for and encourage crossing angles of 60° or more – ideally 90°. However, it is clear from our analysis that cyclists are often forced to cross at shallower angles throughout Dublin, highlighting a clear area for improvement.”
The researchers said that the angle of crossing tram tracks is a “strong predictor” as to if a cyclist will cross the tram tracks safely.
“Logistic regression modelling was used to establish the relationships between cyclist velocity, crossing angle and crossing success. As expected, we found that the angle at which a cyclist crosses tram tracks is a strong predictor of whether they’ll make it across safely,” they wrote. “On the other hand, cyclist velocity didn’t have a statistically significant effect. The model allows for estimation of the likelihood of crossing success based on the angle at which a cyclist crosses.”
The research was carried out by Dr Kevin Gildea at Lund University in Sweden and Daniel Hall, Clara Mercadal-Baudart, Prof Ciaran Simms, and Prof Brian Caulfield at TCD in Dublin.